The food guide pyramid is a tool that provides guidelines for planning healthy diets. The pyramid lists the food groups and the amount to be consumed from each group. Thus people with or without special training in nutrition can plan and estimate how to meet their nutritional needs.
Today’s food pyramid is designed to represent a total diet that provides sufficient vitamins, minerals and proteins which are widely advocated for healthy diet planning. The pyramid further suggests a pattern of food choices for the entire day, rather than simply a foundation diet.
The number of servings to consume from each food group depends on a person’s age and energy needs.
The plan for an adult over the age of 18 years essentially should consist the following;
For children and teenagers, three servings from milk, yogurt and cheese group are recommended due to their higher calcium needs. This is also true for older adults aged 51 year and above.
Alternatively, some of those servings also could be replaced with calcium-fortified foods or a calcium supplement.
The foods in the final category at the tip of the pyramid, which are not a group per se, include fats, oils and sweets. These can be eaten to help meet individual energy needs but should not replace foods from other groups.
Remember the following points when using the food pyramid to plan your daily diet;