These health problems are the most common. While some diseases have a genetic link, most health conditions are associated with excess body fat. They include;
Type 1 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes
Most chronic diseases in which nutrition plays a role are also influenced by genetics. Studies of families, including those with twins and adoptees, provide strong support for the effect of genetics in these disorders.
In fact, family history is considered to be one of the important risk factors in the development of many of these problems.
Here are several of genetic related health problems;
Cardiovascular disease: About one of every 500 people have a defective gene that greatly delay cholesterol removal from the bloodstream.
This genetic effect lead to an increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease at a young age, but medications and possibly surgery may be needed to address these problems.
Obesity: most obese people have at least one parent who is also obese. Findings from many human studies suggest that a variety of genes (60 or more) are involved in the regulation of body weight. Little is known, however, about the specific nature of these genes in humans or how the actual changes in body metabolism are produced.
Although not every person with a genetic tendency toward obesity develops this condition, he or she has a higher lifetime risk than individuals without a genetic predisposition to obesity.
Diabetes: both of the two common types, type 1 and type 2 diabetes, have a genetic link as revealed by family and twin studies. Type 2 diabetes is expressed once a person becomes obese but often not before.
Cancer: few types of cancer (e.g., colon and breast cancer) have a strong genetic link, and genetics may play a role in others. However, genetics is not the only factor; environment also contributes to the risk profile.
Hypertension: some individuals are very sensitive to salt intake. When these salt sensitive people consume too much salt, their blood pressure climbs above the desirable range. Amongst salt sensitive people, most are of African origin. Thus this suggests a genetic component.
Osteoporosis: bone mass and in turn, bone strength, is similar to twins as well as in mothers and their daughters. The exact relative importance of genetic versus dietary factors is unknown, but a number of genes have been shown to contribute to a person’s overall risk of low bone mass.
The followiing is a list of health condition that are related to excess body fat;